Complex-states are interconnected processes that often occur as broader phenomena in emerging fields such as biomimetics and biophotonics. As the mechanisms behind these processes are revealed, or applications of the phenomena are being considered, it becomes necessary to decouple and isolate the individual processes. In materials synthesis using biomineralization, for example, the individual role of the stiffened component inside a cell should be clarified. In disease detection, a single diagnostic biomarker can provide higher disease detection sensitivity than symptomatic diagnosis. For optogenetics, where precise control of neural networks is desired, the off target activation of neurons due to excess heat and biologically active wavelengths of light must be minimized for use in human tissue.
This symposium will cover a variety of topics related to mixed or coupled systems that are common in biomimetic functionalities such as biogenic nanocomposite fabrication, electronic and optical devices for biosensing, and optogenetics. The use of novel or state-of-the-art characterization methods to elucidate the underlying mechanisms behind these functionalities will be an important aspect of the symposium. This symposium aims to bring together a diverse community of researchers in physics, chemistry, biology and engineering who are advancing the field of biomimetic functionality through material synthesis, nanofabrication, and device application. The goal of the symposium is to provide opportunities to discuss complex-states in interdisciplinary phenomena, as well as current challenges that exist and possible approaches for overcoming them.