“for pioneering contributions to the quantum theory of molecules and solids, especially the Kohn–Sham formulation of density functional theory
Lu Sham, Distinguished Professor Emeritus, University of California, San Diego, is a condensed matter theorist, working on many electron and phonon properties and quantum optical processes in semiconductor nanostructures and ferromagnets.
An early practitioner of first-principle computations of lattice vibration spectra and the density functional theory, his recent interest is motivated by quantum information and spintronics. He enjoys collaboration with experimentalists. He is a member
of the National Academy of Sciences and Academia Sinica, ROC, and a fellow of APS, Optical Society of America, and AAAS. He served as a chair of the Semiconductor Commission of the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics and a member of the Council
and of the Executive Board of the American Physical Society and of the Executive Committee of its Division of Condensed Matter Physics. He was born in Hong Kong and is a graduate of Puiching Middle School, Imperial College, London, and Cambridge.