2019 MRS Fall Meeting & Exhibit

Meet MRS Award Recipients—Lightning Talks and Panel Discussion

Tuesday, December 3
6:30 pm – 8:00 pm
Sheraton, 2nd Floor, Grand Ballroom

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Join us for this interactive event featuring short talks by recipients of MRS Awards including The Kavli Foundation Early Career Lectureship in Materials Science, Materials Theory, MRS Medal, and David Turnbull Lectureship.

This is your opportunity to engage with MRS thought leaders as they discuss their award-winning research. We expect to see our powerful panel address materials science hot topics and current trends, as well as the impact these new technologies will have on society.

The Kavli Foundation Early Career Lectureship in Materials Science

Silvia VignoliniSilvia Vignolini, University of Cambridge

Color Engineering—From Nature to Applications

The most brilliant colors in nature are obtained by structuring transparent materials on the scale of the wavelength of visible light. By controlling/designing the dimensions of such nanostructures, it is possible to achieve extremely intense colorations over the entire visible spectrum without using pigments or colorants but only with biopolymers like cellulose. During this talk, Vignolini will introduce some striking examples of natural photonic structures and review our recent advances to fabricate biomimetic photonic pigments using the same material as nature.

Materials Theory Award

Lu ShamLu Sham, University of California, San Diego

“for pioneering contributions to the quantum theory of molecules and solids, especially the Kohn–Sham formulation of density functional theory”

Quantum Aspect of the Density Functional Theory
The Kohn–Sham equation is a subterfuge (in the innocent old Latin sense) from the totally classical nature of density functional theory. So, will the continuing gradient improvement of the exchange and correlation be sufficiently quantum? I will also give a brief description of a modification of DFT to treat entanglement and to apply to quantum phase transitions.
 

MRS Medal Award

Catherine J MurphyCatherine J. Murphy, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

“for outstanding contributions on the study of anisotropic nanoscale materials, transformation and application”

A Golden Time for Nanotechnology
That the optical properties of “finely divided” gold are different from the bulk has been known for hundreds of years. Control of the absolute size and shape of these gold nanoparticles has led to tunable optical properties that enable chemical sensing, biological imaging and photothermal biomedical applications. The intersection of ecology with nanotechnology is in its early stages, but initial results show that microbial biofilms are the sink for nanomaterials in the environment.

MRS Medal Award

Hamei ZhengHaimei Zheng, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

“for outstanding contributions on the study of anisotropic nanoscale materials, transformation and application”

Real-Time Imaging of Nanoscale Materials Transformations in Liquids
Nanoscale materials often change structure or morphology during growth, self-assembly and applications. Real-time imaging using transmission electron microscopy reveals the dynamic transformations inaccessible by other approaches. An understanding of these transformations and materials processes that could be out of equilibrium aids future design of novel materials and devices.

David Turnbull Lectureship

Paula HammondPaula T. Hammond, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

“for her contributions to the science, engineering and applications of self-assembled macromolecular systems”

Making Sticky Particles for Better Medicine
Polyelectrolytes are particularly interesting for drug delivery and biomedical imaging because their ionically charged nature enables water solubility or amphiphilic behavior that guides their surface interactions with cells and tissues. Along with surface charge, hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions can lead to nanoparticles that bind with strong affinity for certain target tissues. Polyelectrolyte nanolayers that have specificity for tumor cell types can aid in transforming a "cold" immune environment to an active one for immunotherapy, and a macromolecular carrier can be designed to present positive charge in combination with charge shielding groups to yield nanocarriers capable of "sticky" transport deep within cartilage for sustained treatment of osteoarthritis. 

MRS acknowledges the following individuals for generous contributions to support these awards:
MRS Medal and Materials Theory Award, endowed by Toh-Ming Lu and Gwo-Ching Wang.

Symposium Support