Careers & Advancement

2016 MRS Fall Meeting iMatSci

Innovators presented their technologies and were judged, with cash prizes awarded, based on the following criteria: clarity, presentation, value proposition, impact and scalability.

F16 iMatSci Winners

First Place

Roger Diebold, Samuel Shian, Matthew Aprea
Solchroma Technologies, Inc.
Electroactive-polymer driven, full-color, reflective displays

Second Place

Jinxin Fu, Xujun Zhang, Rachel Borrelli, Mohan Srinivasarao, Paul Russo
MetaOptics, Inc.
Particle Sizing and Diffusion in Homogeneous Systems–MetaOptics, Inc.

Third Place

Daniel Hayes
The Pennsylvania State University
Bone Foam- Injectable Bone Graft


Georgia Tech



Penn State

UT Dallas

iMatSci Innovator Demonstrations

Diamond Power Electronic Devices–Michigan State University & Fraunhofer USA Inc.

Michigan State University and partner Fraunhofer USA Inc., Center for Coatings and Diamond Technologies, are developing diamond electronic devices. Diamond is an ultra-wide band gap semiconductor material with exceptional properties such as high thermal conductivity, high electric field breakdown strength and high carrier mobilities–the best material for power electronic devices. As a first product, the team develops power diodes with a reverse breakdown voltage of 10,000 volts and a forward current of 10 A. Especially diamond's high temperature performance and stability enables operating diamond-based power electronics at temperatures as high as 600°C without the need for complex cooling systems. This offers unique advantages in terms of reducing system complexity and costs as well as increasing the packaging density of power electronics in electric and hybrid electric vehicles, electric trains and aerospace applications.

Watch a Video of the Demonstration »

Team: Thomas Schuelke, Timothy Grotjohn

Contact: Thomas Schuelke, Michigan State University & Fraunhofer USA Inc., 517-432-8173

Hybrid PV/T—SolNano

SolNano reduces the cost of energy by up to 50% compared to natural gas. We do this by combining photovoltaic (PV) and thermal technologies into a hybrid solar energy system. Our technology employs a unique combination of nanoparticles suspended in the working fluid to directly absorb the portion of the solar spectra underutilized by PV. The process heat market targeted for our application ranges from food processing to the production of petroleum products and currently consumes 2,200 tera BTUs of natural gas, roughly a $6 billion dollar value. Our team is currently operating a 5-meter square prototype system on sun.

Watch a Video of the Demonstration »

Team: Nick Brekke, John Dale

Contact: Nick Brekke, SolNano, 918-633-5445

A Novel Chemical Pathway for Ti Production to Drastically Reduce Cost—TheUniversity of Utah

The University of Utah developed a two-step hydrogen assisted magnesium reduction (HAMR) process that significantly simplifies titanium production compared to conventional processes. The HAMR process is based on the thermodynamic tuning of the relative stability of MgO versus that of Ti-O solid solutions by temporarily alloying the system with hydrogen, which changes the reaction of Mg with Ti-O from being thermodynamically unfavorable to being favorable. This design eliminates the series of complex, high-energy steps associated with current titanium production and is composed of low temperature and mature industrial sub-processes, assuring a low and controllable cost.

Contact: Zak Fang, The University of Utah 

Roving Comforter (RoCo)—TheUniversity of Maryland

RoCo is a 'roving comforter', a device that follows a person and provides personal comfort by delivering a personalized envelope of warm or cool air as the need may be. This avoids having to cool entire buildings while keeping occupants comfortable leading to significant energy savings. Its competitive advantage relies on three key features: RoCo does not reject waste heat during regular operation, is of acceptable cost and maximizes individual comfort without affecting others around. Prototypes are being manufactures, comfort studies with human subjects are starting and discussions with manufacturing and investment partners are underway.

Team: Reinhard Radermacher, Todd Stave

Contact: Todd Stave, Mobile Comfort

Nonflammable, High Performance BatteriesIon Storage Systems, LLC

Ion Storage Systems is a startup company out of the University of Maryland commercializing a solid state battery which was designed from the start to be intrinsically safe, energy dense, inexpensive and scalable. The technology is built around a lithium conducting ceramic electrolyte with a patented triple layer structure and interfacial layer, enabling a lithium metal anode, low resistance, and high rate cycling without need for thermal control. Demonstrated batteries have surpassed whole-cell energy densities available on the market with competitive cycle life. First market products are currently under development.

Watch a Video of the Demonstration »

Team: Eric Wachsman, Dennis McOwen, Greg Hitz

Contact: Greg Hitz, Ion Storage Systems, LLC, 301-204-2322

Commercial-Scale Production of Nanoparticle CoatingsSwift Coat

Swift Coat makes the “aerosol can” for forming large-area nanoparticle coatings–a fast and precise method for depositing any nanomaterial onto any surface. It is the only technology capable of independently and uniformly controlling film thickness (5 nm –10,000 nm) and porosity (55% - 99%), opening up a new world of nano-enabled applications in the solar, display, healthcare and sensing markets. We offer access to our proprietary and patent-pending technology through either a contract-manufacturing or license agreement to help our customers scale up the production of their nano-enabled products, cutting time to market from years to months.

Watch a Video of the Demonstration »

Team: Peter Firth, Dr. Zachary Holman

Contact: Peter Firth, Swift Coat, 623-363-2687

Virolock: Advanced Virus DetectionThe Pennsylvania State University

Human viruses like Ebola, Zika, even the flu cause significant health problems around the world. Based on the premise that viruses do not change their size when they mutate, our patented STEP technology enriches the clinical sample by means of an innovative carbon nanotube filter designed to trap viruses by size. This approach can make all the existing detection methods more sensitive.  After processing the sample with STEP, the viral density is up to 600 times higher, hence, PCR can be used to analyze such low viral concertation samples. We have a prototype cartridge and conducted comprehensive tests for the USDA to detect plum pox virus. We increased the sensitivity of their PCR instruments by 150 times and reduced detection time from 1 day to 1 hour.

Watch a Video of the Demonstration »

Team: Mauricio Terrones, Nestor Perea Lopez, Yin-Ting Yeh

Contact: Mauricio Terrones, The Pennsylvania State University

Transparent Metal Films for Smartphone, Tablet and TV DisplaysThe Pennsylvania State University

Transparent conducting oxides (TCO) are used to form transparent electrodes commonly used in hand-held devices, solar cells and flat screen displays. Our approach focuses on materials that are inherently conductive with the aim to make them transparent. This new design strategy has led to the discovery of a whole new class of materials that are metallic in band structure, but optically transparent.  The figure of merit for this family of materials, is similar to the standard ITO materials but made from earth abundant, nontoxic elements. This technology boasts reduced film thickness and large cost saving potential for the coming generations of touch screens and other devices. 

Contact: Roman Engel-Herbert, The Pennsylvania State University

Bone Foam- Injectable Bone Graft–The Pennsylvania State University

Over 500,000 bone grafts are used each year and for large bone defects, allogeneic bone grafts are the standard of care. These are grafts typically derived from cadaver, are costly, require time-consuming bone banking procedures and have the potential for disease transmission. Our technology addresses this critical need for synthetic, shelf stable, absorbable, and osteoinductive graft materials with high efficacy in the conformal repair of bone defects. The technology for ‘Bone Foam’ is a class of biodegradable, in situ polymerizing copolymer composites, which can conformably fill large skeletal defects, providing immediate mechanical stability and an environment that promotes new bone growth as the graft degrades.

Contact: Daniel Hayes, The Pennsylvania State University

3D printing with silicone via capillary binding of PDMS microbeadsNorth Carolina State University

Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) is one of the most widely used materials in many industrial applications. We present a novel means of printing PDMS in three dimensional structures. More specifically, the addition of a PDMS liquid precursor to elastic PDMS microbeads creates a new type of capillary-bound ink that can be extruded into precise 3D structures, similarly to the way sandcastles are bound together by liquid. After shaping, the multiphasic ink can be thermally cured and cross-linked. The cross-linked PDMS 3D structure shows high elasticity and hydrophobicity.

 Watch a Video of the Demonstration »

Team: Sangchul Roh, Orlin D. Velev

Contact: Sangchul Roh, North Carolina State University, 919-513-4648

Monodisperse silicone particles for encapsulating, protecting, and controllably releasing active ingredients for skincare—Encapsio, LLC

Getting old is not fun. Despite numerous advances in efficacious anti-aging compounds, many are difficult to integrate into formulations due to their instability, sensitivity to breakdown, and poor shelf life. Our company produces premium silicone microspheres that encapsulate, protect, and deliver active ingredients in product formulations. Unlike other technologies, our method allows for the production of spheres that can not only deliver compounds, but improve the aesthetics of the product, are cost effective, and scalable. Due to our ability to encapsulate and deliver a variety of ingredients, our spheres have applications across industries, but we are currently focused on skincare.

Team: Nick Kirby, C. Wyatt Shields IV, Wes Day

Contact: C. Wyatt Shields IV, Encapsio, LLC

Fibregel Apparel—Fibregel Apparel

Fibregel is a deep-tech materials science start-up, focusing on the design and incorporation of state of the art insulation and thermoelectric materials into wearable products. Our flagship product is a stylish aerogel jacket inspired by NASA space suit insulation. The jacket is ultra-insulating, thin, lightweight and waterproof, rendering it suitable for cool winter environments. Using novel IP, our flagship product is the world's first low cost aerogel jacket. A minimum viable product has been produced and tested and the final product is expected to be ready for commercialization by winter 2016.

Contact: Nikhil Aggarwal, Fibregel Apparel

Printed Flexible Ferroelectric Nanocomposites—University of Massachusetts Lowell

Our novel ferroelectric nano-ink enables printing electrostatically-tunable dielectrics on flexible films using 2D and 3D printers. The dielectric is a nanocomposite made by suspending nanoparticles of Barium Strontium Titanate (BST) in a polymer. It is cured at 100°C and on any substrate, unlike conventional ceramic ferroelectrics sintered at extremely high temperatures (>850°C) and on special rigid substrates. This material has a high dielectric constant and a very low loss, and changes under an applied voltage. This nano-ink allowed the printing of variable capacitors (varactors) and of analog phase shifters which are key enablers in reconfigurable RF and microwave applications, including smart communication antennas and phased arrays radars.

Watch a Video of the Demonstration »

Team: Mahdi Haghzadeh, Alkim Akyurtlu, and Craig Armiento

Contact: Mahdi Haghzadeh, University of Massachusetts Lowell, 857-210-6868

Pylux: Flexible Display Substrates—Ares Materials, Inc.

Ares Materials' provides substrate solutions for the flexible display industry. Currently used technologies such as thinned-glass or electronic-grade polyimides require capital intensive processing and have dampened the ability of panel manufacturers to bring flexible displays to the consumer electronics space. Pylux, a proprietary material class manufactured by Ares Materials, eliminates these barriers to unlocking a $40B/year market by (1) reducing manufacturing complexity via the removal of steps from the fabrication of flexible displays, (2) eliminating the need for costly capital equipment related to fabrication and (3) combining the desirable qualities of both glass and polyimide substrates with minimal trade-offs.

Team: Radu Reit, David Arreaga, Adrian Avendano

Contact: Radu Reit, Ares Materials, Inc., 972-883-7164

Softening Neural Bioelectronic Devices–Qualia, Inc.

Qualia, Inc. offers a broad range of chronically stable softening neural devices for pre-clinical applications. Devices, including cuffs, blankets, spinal probes, intrafascicular probes, intracortical probes, and epicortical arrays, are fabricated on shape memory polymers. Devices are implanted while stiff and rigid for better surgical handling and device robustness and subsequently soften toward the modulus of tissue to limit adverse chronic physiological responses. Qualia maintains close relationships with collaborators to tackle unmet needs and aims to further the field of bioelectronic medicines by 1) fostering the expansion of neural electronics research and 2) improving patient lives via targeted human clinical devices.

Team: Connie Manz, Walter Voit, Romil Modi

Contact: Connie Manz, Qualia, Inc., 972-861-2420

Tough 3D Printed Materials / ToughPoint–Adaptive 3D Technologies

Adaptive 3D is trying to revolutionize 3D printing through its patented resin formulations and printer designs to deliver parts that are the same strength in all directions and as tough as Kevlar. We work with large companies in apparel, defense, automotive, fashion, electronics and aerospace to help 3D printed solutions become a reality for these companies. We have created materials that can stretch up to 400% (rubbers) with strength above 50 MPa, making them as tough as Kevlar. We are optimizing print parameters across our families of resins to meet the rapidly moving needs of industrial and commercial partners.

Team: Walter Voit, Srishti Goel, Benjamin Lund

Contact: Walter Voit, Adaptive 3D Technologies

Reducing CLABSIs in U.S. Hospitals–Georgia Institute of Technology

There are 250,000 – 500,000 hospital-acquired central line associated blood stream infections (CLABSI) cases reported in the USA each year, with approximately 80,000 of those occurring in intensive care units (ICUs). This results in a combined loss of $4 billion per year to U.S. hospitals. The proposed bioSCRUB technology will significantly reduce the potential for CLABSI by improving central venous catheter cleaning. Initial tests versus E. Coli reveal that the abrasive and conforming nature of the foam allows bioSCRUB to remove significantly more bacteria from the hub than a prep pad for the same time/pressure. A key product feature is the intrinsic audible feedback during proper use informing the caregiver of cleaning efficacy–"squeaky clean is good hub hygiene."

Watch a Video of the Demonstration »

Team: Pranav Godbole, W. Jud Ready, Timothy Gassner, Bharathwaj Nandagopal, Jasper Shi, You Kim

Contact: Pranav Godbole, Georgia Institute of Technology, 770-656-3070

Particle Sizing and Diffusion in Homogeneous SystemsMetaOptics, Inc.

Controlling and measuring particle size is important to many industries, including nanotechnology, paints and pigments, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, soils, fertilizers, abrasives, and many more. MetaOptics has reinvented particle-sizing to be more accessible, much easier to operate, and more affordable The EZ-sizer is the first and only differential dynamic microscopy (DDM) instrument which allows you to measure the size of a particle as small as 50 nanometers in diameter.

Team: Jinxin Fu, Xujun Zhang, Rachel Borrelli, Mohan Srinivasarao, Paul Russo

Contact: Xujun Zhang, MetaOptics, Inc., 610-533-3227

IDEAS:MD3–Georgia Institute of Technology

Georgia Tech’s IDEAS:MD3 is the first collaborative research center focused on materials data science- and cyberinfrastructure-enabled materials design, development and deployment (MD3) that connects university, industry and national laboratory partners through membership. The center is the first comprehensive materials e-innovation ecosystem, serving as a national model strengthening relationships with various global industry partners. A central activity of IDEAS:MD3 is to promote, collect, archive, curate, and disseminate open source, open access, data and code repositories related to hierarchical material systems.  The center will curate and disseminate best practices that will produce the disruptive transformation envisioned by MGI, and, in the process, create new markets for materials data, analytic tools, and knowledge databases with more opportunities for incubation of new commercial technologies/products.

Watch a Video of the Demonstration »

Contact: Surya Kalidindi, Georgia Institute of Technology, 404-385-2886

Optically transparent super-hydrophobicityPolyClean

Current approaches for manufacturing super-hydrophobic (water-repellant) surfaces rely onexpensive and inefficient methods like lithography and chemical vapor deposition. Further, the materials typically utilized are particulate or non-permanent polymer-based films so the hydrophobic properties are generally not durable. We have developed a scalable and low-cost method for functionalizing a surface with a super-hydrophobic monolayer that is highly durable and does not modify the optical properties of the underlying material. Our technology fulfills a pressing need for super-hydrophobicity in optically sensitive settings like photovoltaics, tactile surfaces, optical lenses, and vehicular windshields.

Team: Mukarram Tahir, Karim Gadelrab, Yi Ding, Li-Chen Cheng

Contact: Mukarram Tahir, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 617-606-2031

Carbon dioxide as a medium for the green synthesis of metal-organic frameworksACSYNAM, Inc.

ACSYNAM, Inc. is a pioneer in the environmentally-friendly manufacture of sponge-like materials, also known as metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). MOFs are highly porous powders whose high surface areas and tunable nature have led to their very recent commercial launch in the food packaging and gas storage industries. Despite many other promising applications, inefficient and costly synthetic procedures required to produce MOFs have hindered their industrial-scale use. Our patent-pending technology makes use of CO2 to drastically reduce the energy input and waste production that typically result from conventional MOF synthesis, while enabling the manufacture of MOF materials which are otherwise inaccessible.

Watch a Video of the Demonstration »

Team: Cristina Mottillo, Christopher Nickels, Simon Girard, Tomislav Friščić, and C-J Li

Contact: Cristina Mottillo, ACSYNAM, Inc., 514-756-0161  

FogKicker Natural Anti-Fog Coating—Treaty, LLC

Treaty, LLC is a biotech startup. We create new products and technology using natural advanced nanomaterials. Our flagship product is FogKicker, a novel, biodegradable anti-fog coating. It is made from nanocellulose, a natural nanomaterial from wood. FogKicker prevents the formation of fog on any surface, including sports goggles, medical devices, car windshields, safety masks, and mirrors. Compared with other petroleum and chemical-derived anti-fog products, FogKicker is more environmentally friendly, safer to use, and has superior anti-fogging performance and endurance. With one single application, FogKicker prevents fog for more than one month. FogKicker is designed to help you see clear!

Watch a Video of the Demonstration » 

Team: Marc Gammell, Yinyong Li, Kenneth R. Carter

Contact: Treaty, LLC

More Effective, Cartilage-protecting Treatments for Osteoarthritis —Articulate Biosciences

Articulate Biosciences is a Boston University spinout, developing a new viscosupplement (Class III medical device) for injection into osteoarthritic joints. Viscosupplementation is currently a $2B market yet only penetrates 15% of the treatment-eligible population due to limited efficacy of current products, all based on hyaluronic acid. The company has developed a non-hyaluronic acid biomaterial that relieves pain for significantly longer than competing products, is derived from approved materials, and can be delivered to the joint through a much smaller needle than competitors. The company is executing preclinical studies to enter the veterinary market, followed by a pilot human clinical trial.

Watch a Video of the Demonstration » 

Team: Benjamin Cooper, Mark Grinstaff, Robert Miller, Andrew Carter, Lee Simon

Contact: Benjamin Cooper, Articulate Biosciences,, 860-463-1368

Optimal Microchannel Planar Reactor, as a Switchable Infrared Absorber

Present optical materials have weak visible transmittance, limited solar-energy modulation efficiency and high transmission temperature. The research demonstrates the capability to direct the assembly of an advanced synthetic polymer for desired thermal switchable functionality. To act as an IR radiation block with the ability to lower its phase transition temperature for energy capture and storage. The research indicates precise hydrodynamic control, in a microfluidic network, enhances quantified heat flow transport across the interface of a material. This controlling process will advance an optic device by energy generation fluidic flow design.

Contact: Mark E Alston, 44 798-034-7941

Generating Renewable Fuel from Wastewater—Catalytic Innovations, LLC

Water electrolysis is a cornerstone of renewable energy storage technology, but still requires a strong value proposition to become widespread and economically viable. Our electrolysis systems, enabled by the development of highly selective catalysts, simultaneously treat organic wastewater and generate renewable fuel. Current state-of-the-art processes to treat organic wastewater are multi-step, unstable, energy-intensive, and costly, while our method is additive-free, efficient, and employs selective catalysts on the surface of a stationary electrode. Proof-of-concept experiments for these reactions have been successful, prototypes have been built, and functioning lab-scale electrolyzer stacks are in use, and are being scaled up.

Watch a Video of the Demonstration » 

Contact: Stafford W. Sheehan, Catalytic Innovations, LLC, 702-262-9950

Electronically Pure Semiconducting Single‐Walled Carbon Nanotube Ink—Atom Nanoelectronics, Inc.

Atom Nanoelectronics manufactures and sells electronically pure single‐chirality semiconducting single walled carbon nanotube ink that was extracted from high pressure carbon monoxide conversion carbon nanotubes, and fully characterized with optical spectroscopies like Vis‐NIR absorption, luminescence emission and Raman scattering. Especially, the single‐chirality semiconducting single‐walled carbon nanotube ink was characterized as electronically pure when the deposited carbon nanotube networks were incorporated in metal/carbon nanotube network/metal Schottky Diodes. Electronically single chirality pure carbon nanotube can reduce the leakage current in electronic devices such as metal/CNT film/metal, thin‐film transistors due to the removal of metallic CNTs; can mitigate the variation of electrical properties and bio‐affinities; can narrow and intensify optical properties such as luminescence and Raman peaks with high accuracy for quantification.

Watch a Video of the Demonstration » 

Contact: Huaping Li, Atom Nanoelectronics, Inc., 310‐641‐1338

A novel method for Manufacturing of Crystalline Silicon structures–Emerging Technologies Research Centre(EMTERC), De Montfort University

On the basis of our granted patent, we have shown the growth of crystalline silicon-structures below 350oC on glass and plastic. The method for making silicon crystalline structures where substrate undergoes some initial preparatory steps (deposition of "magic" powder) prior to the deposition of   Si structures using radio frequency plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition.  This work would enable both new applications to be explored and existing technologies to be developed and enhanced, as well as allowing for a substantial reduction in the energy uses.  The material produced by this method has applications in microelectronics industries, emerging Li-Ion battery, photovoltaic cells, etc.

Watch a Video of the Demonstration » 

Contact: Shashi Paul, De Montfort University, 44 116-207-8584

Electroactive-polymer driven, full-color, reflective displays—Solchroma Technologies, Inc.

Solchroma Technologies is building the world’s most vivid, sunlight-readable displays for the Out-of-Home advertising industry, allowing sign operators unprecedented access to the profitability and flexibility of digital.  Although digital billboards generate >15% of revenues, they occupy <2% of locations, and suffer from significant implementation challenges.  With a new approach to reflective color generation based on electroactive polymers, Solchroma is poised to overcome the longstanding implementation problems inherent to the incumbent LED technology.  Solchroma’s unique blend of cost, weight, energy efficiency, reflective operation, and advertiser-quality color will allow digital growth to meet demand in the $50B global outdoor advertising market.

Watch a Video of the Demonstration » 

Team: Roger Diebold, Samuel Shian, Matthew Aprea

Contact: Roger Diebold, SolChroma Technologies, Inc., 401-829-0024

Single-Crystal Silver Cables—Lone Silver Technologies

Single-crystal silver is the best conductor and most reflective metal made by the same proven process as silicon boules in the semiconducting industry. Lone Silver Technologies has identified the high-end audio market as a promising customer segment to enjoy the unique high conductivity and low noise of single-crystal silver wires. The patented wire manufacturing process improves conduction by 13% over traditional copper wires (OFC copper) and by 5% over the best in market silver wires (OCC silver). More important is the reduction of 1/f, or pink noise, by 66% compared to poly-crystalline wires.

Watch a Video of the Demonstration » 

Contact: Sean Wu Fackler, Lone Silver Technologies,

Self-sealing sample transfer box—Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Transferring air sensitive samples between scientific imaging equipment is challenging. Common microscopy equipment often lacks systems for proper handling of air-sensitive samples. The Transfer Box is a MIT developed solution to this problem. Easily loadable in a glovebox, its compact size allows usage in almost any type of electron microscope or similar device. Due to low production costs, individual research groups will be able to buy this tool without needing external authorization. This could allow hundreds of sales per year. The functionality of the device has been successfully tested by a battery material research group at MIT.

Watch a Video of the Demonstration » 

Team: Kevin P. Simon and Lukas Porz

Contact: Kevin P. Simon, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 408-355-3632

Application Quantum-Chemical Technology for Obtaining Nano-size Amorphous Metals–Nanoamorph Technology

The company "Nanoamorph technology" works in the field of creation and application of non-equilibrium quantum-chemical technology (4 patents). With priority from 1990, it also created and holds patents for the production of nano-sized (with a grain size of ≤ 5 nm) amorphous metals (not alloys) Mo, W etc. and their derivative compounds, such as various oxides MoO2, WO2, MoO3, WO3 etc. (5 different patents PCT 2-, 1- Russia and Armenia are now issued one more PCT international patent). Applications of these semiconductor materials is mainly from nanoelectronics to various composites (plastic and metal) and medicine.

Contact: Razmik Malkhasyan, Nanoamorph Technology, 37 493360665

Textile Based Electronic Devices—Donghua University

This technology demonstrates textile-based electronic devices for wearable applications. The advantage is: the product is breathable, foldable, elastic, as well as washable and durable, meanwhile the electronic performance is realizable. Hence, the textile-based electronic device could be intimately worn on curvilinear human bodies with various gesture and motion. It has attracted a lot of attention from industries and we plan to commercialize some of them within 12 months.

Team: Qiao Li, Xin Ding

Contact: Qiao Li, Donghua University