2018 MRS Fall Meeting Home

Symposium ET14—Materials Science Facing Global Warming—Practical Solutions for Our Future

The increase of the carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere is relentless. The Paris Agreement signed in December 2015 at COP-21 has the ambition to limit the increase in the average global temperature to only 1.5 ˚C above pre-industrial levels by the development of strategies aimed to the reduction of greenhouses gas emissions to be communicated by 2020. The emissions reductions promised at Paris fall far short from achieving this goal.

In fact, the Paris Agreement considers only the abatement of future anthropogenic emissions. Nevertheless, its goal can be realized only if the present excess of atmospheric CO2 is removed from the atmosphere. Air capture (AC) is a prime contender for delivering such reductions. Because AC technologies do not need to be integrated with CO2 emitters, they can lower the impact of anthropogenic sources, as transportation, for which an integrated capture technology is hardly applicable. For some AC solutions a portable version can be also imagined with the double advantage to avoid the construction of dedicated plants and to allow an active public engagement. Even though AC is characterized by the largest thermodynamic cost among all carbon dioxide capture technologies, due to the larger dilution of CO2 in the air (400 ppm) , this cost is still much smaller than the actual energy investments currently used. The ideal materials for AC would possess two oxymoronic properties: an exceptional affinity towards CO2 and a low energy demanding CO2 release. This represents a real challenge in Materials Science. Strategies reported in the literature are then not only considering materials design but also process design and the possibility to couple the capture step with end uses that would allow to slash CCS costs.

Scientific solutions proposed so far are countless. This symposium will host representative speakers for the different AC strategies and it contemplates a tutorial where it will be discussed the problems to quantify, on a common basis, practical points as the time for the construction of the infrastructure, the total time necessary to capture all the excess, the cost per ton of CO2.

Joint Sessions are being considered with Symposium NM04—Nanomaterials and Nanomanufacturing for Sustainability.

Topics will include:

  • Carbon dioxide capture and separation technologies (CCS) and Negative Carbon Emissions
  • Direct air capture technologies (DAC)
  • Materials efficiency and life cycle assessment
  • Materials research and social responsibility
  • Bio-energy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS)
  • Bridging the development gap: innovation, scale-up, and adoption
  • CO2 electroreduction
  • Artificial versus natural photosynthesis
  • CO2 mitigation via capture in seawater
  • Synfuels from Direct Air Capture
  • Materials for CO2 storage
  • Membranes
  • Nanomaterials and technologies to monitor and reduce air pollution – catalytic converters, bioreactors, scrubbers and filters
  • Objective application of materials research to provide economic, sociological, and governmental indications
  • A tutorial complementing this symposium is tentatively planned.

Invited Speakers:

  • Edda Sif Pind Aradóttir (Orkuveita Reykjavíkur, Iceland)
  • Matthew Eisaman (Brookhaven National Laboratory, USA)
  • Coen van der Giesen (Centrum voor Milieuwetenschappen Leiden, Netherlands)
  • Christopher W. Jones (Georgia Institute of Technology, USA)
  • Peter B. Kelemen (Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, USA)
  • Stuart Licht (George Washington University, USA)
  • Chong Liu (University of California, Los Angeles, USA)
  • Jeffrey R. Long (University of California, Berkeley, USA)
  • Emanuela Negro (Shell, Netherlands)
  • Daniel G. Nocera (Harvard University, USA)
  • Phil Renforth (Cardiff University, United Kingdom)

Symposium Organizers

Jenny G. Vitillo
University of Minnesota
Department of Chemistry
USA
612-624-5923, jg.vitillo@gmail.com

Klaus S. Lackner
Arizona State University
USA
480-727-2499, klaus.lackner@asu.edu

Fabrizio Passarini
Università di Bologna
Dipartimento di Chimica Industriale "Toso Montanari"
Italy
39 051 20 9 3863, fabrizio.passarini@unibo.it

Tao Wang
Zhejiang University
College of Energy Engineering
China
8615924102585, oatgnaw@zju.edu.cn

Keywords for Abstract Submission

Bio-energy with carbon capture and storage (BECS), Carbon dioxide capture and utilization (CCU), Carbon dioxide capture, separation, storage (CCS), Direct air capture (DAC), Life cycle analysis (LCA) applied to CCS, Negative carbon emissions